Núcleo de Estudo e Pesquisa sobre Deslocados Ambientais

Núcleo de Estudo e Pesquisa sobre Deslocados Ambientais

Historic

The NEPDA was created in April 2012 to bring together local, national, and international researchers who are interested in issues regarding environmentally displaced people, and also to give visibility to this group of migrants who still needs protection of international regimes and who has little protection of national governments of origin and of destination (i.e. where they seek protection). Environmentally displaced people, who are also named environmental or climate refugees, are characterised as forced migrants, since they forcibly have to migrate from their place of origin in order to survive. They have to migrate due to environmental changes, sudden or not, caused by humans and/or nature, regardless of environmental change. As a result, there is a need to categorise this group of migrants for the purpose of protecting their rights. By doing so, this will make them feel like citizens in the host place and feel like members of the current globalised international system. This group of migrants needs help from the globalised international system, since there is increasingly a blockade of human borders and the opening of economic (financial and commercial) borders. These environmentally displaced people are not considered internally displaced people because usually there is no fear of persecution in their place of origin. In addition, they are not considered to be refugees because many of them do not cross the borders of the place of origin. When they do cross borders, there is no fear of persecution to characterise them as refugees. It is important to mention that the current international refugee regime (norms, rules, institutions and procedures of decision making) was created in 1951, shortly after the Second World War, as a result from historical, political, economic, and cultural causes, which are different from the current situation of the international society. As a result, it is necessary to rethink and rebuild this regime by broadening its scope, its activities and its issues under protection, or create a new regime, which is capable of protecting migrants, such as environmentally displaced persons. Thus, NEPDA was created to categorise environmentally displaced persons, to map their places of origin and of destination, to analyse conflicts that arise as a result of displacement and to analyse some of their security issues (human, environmental, and state). In addition, NEPDA aims to examine the protection granted to environmentally displaced persons, and to examine the public policies adopted, domestically and internationally, by comparing the various forms of support and the actors involved in the process. It is fundamentally important to infer possibilities for protection regulations for environmentally displaced persons, in order to improve relations between different international actors, state and non-state actors, in the current international system.